23 November 1942

The Battle for Gona is quickly degenerating into swamp siege warfare as an early morning attack by the 2/25th and 2/31st Battalions makes little ground at great cost.

The Japanese are deeply entrenched with carefully sited machine-gun and rifle fire support and they mow down the waves of Australian attackers as they try to cross the open ground.

The Australians lose 32 killed in action for the second day running and at least 100 seriously wounded, bringing the total killed at Gona to 73 and taking it past 700 for the Kokoda campaign to date.

Added to the battle casualties are the rapidly growing losses from sickness and disease. The Australians know they cannot sustain this level of losses for long.