20 December 1942

Led by the energetic Diggers of the 18th Brigade, the Allied push the grim Japanese defenders westward toward their entrenched positions at Giropa Plantation.

Gen Eichelberger describes the Australian attack as a “spectacular and dramatic assault, and a brave one”.

Jap Private Uchiyama Seeichi writes in his diary at Buna: “At dawn, enemy bombed the hell out of us. Observe only the sky with bitter regrettable tears rolling down … Filled my stomach with dried bread and waited for my end to come. Oh! Remaining comrades, I shall depend on you for my revenge.”