25 August 1942

General Horii issues orders: “To advance along the eastern side of the valley, deploy to the south of Isurava, cut off the Australians’ withdrawal and annihilate them.”

It would be first met by the Australian 53rd Bn and then by the 2/16th AIF Bn and would fail to achieve its aim.

At Isurava the 39th Bn is stretched to the limit as the Japanese increase their attacks trying to breach the Australian defences.