31 October 1942

The Jap commander Gen Horii remains optimistic, having been told to expect ‘a division’ of reinforcements, around 20,0f 00 troops, with which he could resume his advance to Moresby.

Within days Horii will receive orders dashing his hopes as the demands of the Guadalcanal campaign override his needs.

By this stage Horii’s Nankai Shitai (South Seas Force) has suffered devastating heavy casualties and Horii orders his Kokoda Field Hospital to withdraw, taking its patients back to the beachheads.